6 features of the project method

We often talk about how the JUST DILIJAN IT! programmes use a project-based approach. Let’s find out why it’s worth understanding this.

“The Project Method” is an article published in 1918 by the American pedagogue William Kilpatrick. The author defined the concept of the project method as “whole-hearted purposeful activities.” The main objective is not simply to acquire skills, but to understand how to apply them in practice. Kilpatrick proposed changing the classical approach, from a specific task (project) to moving towards acquiring the skills needed to perform it. We have identified six features of this approach.

1. Impact

The project approach makes it possible, even in a short period of time, to pass through all stages from an idea to its implementation and analysis of the results, as it proposes to work immediately with a specific task. This fits the format of a summer camp, where groups, in a very short period of time, squeeze in a wide variety of experiences. Almost like the old song: “Summer is a small life.”

2. Activity

A child has the right to make assumptions, to make mistakes, to acquire practical knowledge and to apply it, and finally to take pleasure in their own successes and the successes of their friends.

3. Independence

The role of the adult is changing. They are ceasing to be the mere bearer of knowledge, but becoming coordinators and consultants who guide children and provide them with a field of study.

4. Practicality

This often provides children with what they do not receive in a regular school environment: self-motivation and understanding of why they gain knowledge and how this knowledge can be applied in real life.

5. Critical Thinking

The world is in a state of constant flux. The whole career roadmap, built ten years ahead, is now becoming obsolete in five or less. Entirely new spheres of activity and professions are emerging. Since the search for information has been greatly simplified with the development of the Internet, the first plan is not to obtain actual knowledge from a teacher, but rather to develop tools such as critical thinking and the ability to look for non-standard solutions.

6. Competence

A child doesn’t obtain this or that skill passively, but applies them to specific tasks under the guidance of a professional. Therefore, our experts are real scientists and IT pros from Apple, Microsoft and Yandex, professional musicians and artists, theatre directors, and sports coaches, all of whom are happy to share their knowledge and skills with children.

In saying that “education is life itself and not a mere preparation for later living,” Kilpatrick implied that life always presents us with concrete rather than general objectives. As we construct a home we update our mathematical knowledge. Wise deposits are economic ones. And if we think about writing a script, we don’t have to remember the lessons of literature, but begin by studying dramaturgy.

Learn more about the JUST DILIJAN IT! 2017 programmes